Beeswax is a product that bees create in their bodies, using wax glands. Bees shape it by chewing it and build honeycombs that build side by side. If, by any chance, the honeycomb arrangement is disturbed or destroyed, the bees immediately start to build a new one. The natural color of beeswax is white, and when it comes into contact with the air, it becomes a yellowish color as we are more familiar with it. The color of beeswax also depends on the climate or the ratio of the substance in the wax - propolis and pollen. Beeswax is essentially a natural, unique, fully edible and healthy eco-friendly honey packaging.
An approximate chemical formula for wax is C 15 H 31 COOC 30 H 61
The E-number of white and yellow beeswax are E901, E901 (i) for white
beeswax and E901 (ii) for yellow beeswax. The side effects of beeswax
consumption are unknown, as is the recommended daily intake. The E901
tag can be used in all religions, vegetarians, vegans and the like
because it is not of animal origin. Beekeepers use beeswax mainly to
build honeycomb bases that make it easier for bees to build honeycombs
faster to store honey. Candles from bee products or making Christmas and
New Year decorations are also part of the product range at beekeepers.
The use of beeswax outside beekeeping is almost unlimited: chemical, textile, food, leather, electrical and others. Wax is used in cosmetics, pharmacy, dentistry, painting, and as an excellent tool has found its irreplaceable place and when used for conservation purposes. The natural specific gravity at 15 ° C is 0.956kg. +, - 0.003kg. Its melting point is from 60 - 64 ° C and is far higher than ordinary paraffin wax where it is already at 30 ° C. The very fact of the difference in melting temperature sufficiently speaks of the importance of pure beeswax from which the honeycomb bases must be built if the beekeeper wants them to be accepted and continue to build the honeycomb, in which they will store the honey they produce.
Mixing beeswax and plain wax causes problems not only when laying the eggs of the queen but also when filling the honeycomb with honey. Mixing beeswax with paraffin wipes out a specific scent that is also very important to bees.